Federal Law No175-fz of December 20, 2002 «On the Election of Deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation»

Federal Law No175-fz of December 20, 2002 «On the Election of Deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation»

Название Federal Law No175-fz of December 20, 2002 «On the Election of Deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation»
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Article 3. Elections to the State Duma

1. Under the Constitution of the Russian Federation 450 deputies shall be elected to the State Duma.

2. Two hundred and twenty five deputies of the State Duma shall be elected in single-seat electoral districts (one district — one deputy) to be formed on the basis of a uniform quota of voters' representation for single-seat electoral districts, with the exception of electoral districts in the Russian Federation subjects where the number of voters is less than the uniform representation quota. The uniform quota of voters' representation for a single-seat electoral district shall be determined by dividing the total number of voters residing on the territory of the Russian Federation and registered in the Russian Federation in accordance with the Federal Law «On Basic Guarantees of the Electoral Rights and the Right of Citizens of the Russian Federation to Participate in a Referendum» by the total number (225) of single-seat electoral districts.

3. Two hundred and twenty five deputies of the State Duma shall be elected in the federal electoral district in proportion to the number of votes cast for a federal lists of candidates nominated by political parties, electoral blocs.

Article 4. Electoral Rights of a Russian Federation Citizen at the Election of Deputies of the State Duma

1. A Russian Federation citizen who has attained to the age of 18 years on voting day shall be entitled to elect deputies of the State Duma in the federal electoral district.

2. A Russian Federation citizen who has attained to the age of 18 years on voting day and whose place of residence is within the territory of a relevant electoral district shall be entitled to elect a deputy of the State Duma in a single-seat electoral district.

3. A Russian Federation citizen who has attained to the age of 18 years on voting day shall be entitled to participate in the nomination of candidates for election to the State Duma and lists of candidates, in the election campaigning, in the monitoring of the conduct of the election and the work of election commissions, including determination of vote returns and establishment of election results, and in the performance of other electoral actions, in the procedure established by this Federal Law, other federal laws.

4. Eligible for election as a deputy of the State Duma shall be a Russian Federation citizen who has attained to the age of 21 years on voting day.

5. A Russian Federation citizen who resides or stays outside the territory of the Russian Federation during the preparation and conduct of the election shall have the same electoral rights as other citizens of the Russian Federation at the election of deputies of the State Duma.

6. A Russian Federation citizen shall not be entitled to the right to elect or be elected or participate in other electoral actions if he has been declared by a court to be incapable or is held in custody under a court sentence.

7. A Russian Federation citizen deprived of the right to occupy state offices for a definite period by a court decision which has come into force shall not be registered as a candidate for election to the State Duma if the voting at the election of deputies of the State Duma is to take place before the expiry of the period established by the court.

Article 5. Calling of the Election of Deputies of the State Duma

1. The conduct of the election of deputies of the State Duma within the period established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and this Federal Law shall be obligatory.

2. Under the Constitution of the Russian Federation the election of deputies of the State Duma of a new convocation shall be called by the President of the Russian Federation. The decision to call the election shall be taken not earlier than 110 days and not later than 90 days before voting day. Voting day at the election of deputies of the State Duma shall be the second Sunday of the month in which the constitutional term of the State Duma of the previous convocation expires. The constitutional term for which the State Duma is to be elected shall commence from the day of its election. The day of the election of the State Duma shall be the day of voting as a result of which it was elected as a competent body. The decision to call the election shall be officially published in the mass media not later than five days after it was taken.

3. If the President of the Russian Federation does not call the election of deputies of the State Duma within the period indicated in Clause 2 of this article, the election of deputies of the State Duma shall be called and conducted by the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation on the first or second Sunday of the month which follows the month in which the constitutional term of the State Duma of the previous convocation expires. The decision of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation to call the election shall be published not later than seven days after the expiry of the period established by Clause 2 of this article for the official publication of the decision to call the election.

4. When dissolving the State Duma in the cases and in the procedure provided by the Constitution of the Russian Federation the President of the Russian Federation shall simultaneously call an early election of deputies of the State Duma of a new convocation. In this case voting day shall be the last Sunday before the day on which three months expire from the day of the dissolution of the State Duma. The decision to call an early election shall be officially published in the mass media not later than five days from the day when it was taken.

5. If the President of the Russian Federation does not call the election of deputies of the State Duma of a new convocation after the dissolution of the State Duma, the election of deputies of the State Duma shall be called and conducted by the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation on the first or second Sunday after the expiry of thee months from the day of the dissolution of the State Duma. The decision of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation to call the election shall be published not later than seven days after the expiry of the period established by Clause 4 of this article for the official publication of the decision to call the election.

6. In the cases provided by Clauses 4 and 5 of this article the periods for the performance of electoral actions established by this Federal Law shall be reduced by one-fourth.

7. If the Sunday on which the election is to be held coincides with a day preceding a holiday, or a holiday, or a day following a holiday or if this Sunday has been declared a working day in the established procedure, the election shall be held on the next Sunday.

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