Federal Law No175-fz of December 20, 2002 «On the Election of Deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation»
|Название||Federal Law No175-fz of December 20, 2002 «On the Election of Deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation»|
Article 77. Voting Procedure
1. Voting shall be conducted from 8.00 to 20.00, local time.
2. Territorial and precinct election commissions shall inform voters about the time and place of voting not later than 20 days before voting day through the mass media or by other methods and, when early voting is to be conducted in accordance with Article 78 of this Federal Law, not later than five days before early voting day.
3. A precinct election commission formed on ships at sea, in military units, at polar stations, in remote and hard-to-reach regions may declare voting to be completed ahead of the time specified in Clause 1 of this Article if all voters on the voters list have voted.
4. At 8.00 on voting day, the chairman of a precinct election commission shall declare the polling station open and shall invite the members of a precinct election commission, voters and persons indicated in Clause 5, Article 31 of this Federal Law, who are present at the polling station, to examine empty stationary and mobile ballot boxes. Then the ballot boxes shall be sealed by the seal of a precinct election commission. The chairman of a precinct election commission shall also show to the said persons sealed mobile ballot boxes containing ballots marked in accordance with Clauses 2 to 9, Article 78 of this Federal Law by early voters (if any).
5. Voting members of a precinct election commission shall receive ballots from the chairman of a precinct election commission for issuance to voters and shall sign for their receipt. After that the chairman of a precinct election commission shall invite voters to start voting.
6. Ballots shall be issued to voters included in the voters lists upon production of a passport or an equivalent identity document and also an absentee certificate, if a voter votes on the basis of an absentee certificate. Each voter may receive two ballots: one ballot for voting in the federal electoral district and one ballot for voting in the given single-seat electoral district, save the cases provided by Clause 11 of this article. If a voter votes on the basis of an absentee certificate at the place of his temporary stay outside the single-seat electoral district where the voter is entitled to an active electoral right in accordance with Clauses 1 and 2, Article 4 of this Federal Law, he shall receive only one ballot — the ballot for voting in the federal electoral district. Before issuing ballots to a voter a member of the election commission shall check to make sure that the voter has not voted early, no written or oral application of the voter for voting outside the polling station has been recorded in the register indicated in Clause 2, Article 79 of this Federal Law, no voting members of the election commission have been sent to the voter to conduct voting outside the polling station.
7. When receiving ballots, a voter shall write the series and number of his passport or an equivalent identity document in the voters list. With the consent or at the request of a voter the series and number of his passport or an equivalent identify document may be entered in the voters list by a voting member of a precinct election commission. A voter shall check the correctness of the entry and shall sign for receipt of each ballot. The member of the election commission who issued ballots to a voter shall also put his signature in the corresponding column of the voters list. If a voter votes on the basis of an absentee certificate, a note to this effect shall be made in the voters list.
8. A voter shall vote by putting any mark in the box to the right of the candidate or the federal list of candidates chosen by the voter or the box to the right of the words «Against all candidates» («Against all federal lists of candidates»).
9. Each voter shall vote in person. Voting for other voters shall not be allowed, save as otherwise provided by Clause 10 of this article. Ballots shall be marked in a booth or some other place specially prepared for secret voting, where the presence of other persons shall not be allowed, save as otherwise provided by Clause 10 of this article.
10. A voter who is not able to sign for receipt of ballots or mark the ballots by himself may be assisted by another voter who is not a member of the election commission, or a registered candidate, or an authorized representative or agent of a political party, an electoral bloc, registered candidate, or an observer. In this case, a voter shall orally inform the election commission of his intention to ask for assistance in marking the ballot. The surname, first name and patronymic, series and number of the passport or an equivalent identity document of the person assisting such voter shall be indicated in the appropriate column (columns) of the voters list.
11. If a voter thinks that he has made a mistake when marking a ballot, he may ask the election commission member who had issued the ballot to give him a new ballot in place of the spoilt one. The election commission member shall issue a new ballot to the voter, note this fact in the voters list against the name of this voter and sign the note. The spoilt ballot bearing an appropriate note and a signature of a voting member of the election commission shall be immediately cancelled.
12. Voters shall drop marked ballots into a sealed stationary ballot box.
13. The chairman of a precinct election commission shall maintain order at the polling station. Instructions of the chairman issued within the scope of his competence shall be mandatory for all persons present in the polling station. In the absence of the chairman of a precinct election commission his functions shall be performed by the deputy chairman of a precinct election commission, and, in the absence of the deputy chairman, by the secretary of the commission or some other voting member of the given election commission authorized thereby.
14. Persons indicated in Clause 5, Article 31 of this Federal Law may be present at the polling station during the voting, when votes are being counted and when a precinct election commission is preparing the protocol of vote returns. Based on their credentials a precinct election commission shall make up a list of persons who observed the progress of voting and tabulation of votes.
15. A member of a precinct election commission shall be immediately barred from participation in its work and an observer and other persons shall be expelled from the polling station if they commit a violation of the electoral laws of the Russian Federation. In such cases a reasoned decision shall be taken by a precinct election commission or a higher election commission. The decision shall be taken in writing. The law enforcement authorities shall enforce the decision and take steps to bring the barred member of a precinct election commission, expelled observer and other persons to responsibility under Russian Federation laws.
16. Registered candidates and their agents, political parties, electoral blocs and their agents and authorized representatives as well as the organizations, which are founded, owned, possessed by the said persons and organizations and/or which have governing bodies where the said persons and organizations are represented, other natural persons and legal entities acting at the request or on the instructions of the said persons and organizations shall not take any actions to arrange for transportation of voters for participation in voting.